From P2P insurance platforms to smart insurance contracts – a regulatory perspective.

P2P insuretech platforms are P2P Mutuals with or without re-insurance. In this article we explore how these platforms are currently being regulated at a high level. We also explore the notion of disintermediation of insuretech platforms themselves...

European Court of Justice rules that Bitcoin is VAT exempt.

Following the appeal of David Hedqvist against the decision of the Swedish Tax Authority (Skatterverket) to tax Bitcoin transactions, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) have ruled that such transactions should be; "exempt from VAT...

Tax treatment of speculative digital currency transactions – UK

HMRC Guidance Note March 2014 mentions that the application of income, corporation or Capital Gains to a transaction will depend on the facts. See as follows: "Whether any profit or gain is chargeable or any...

Ripple Labs fined by FinCEN

Ripple Labs operator of the Ripple protocol has been fined $700k on a number of counts including: failing to have registered as an MSB; for not having an AML policy in place and not having a...

SEC fines Sand Hill exchange over breaches

  On the 17th June, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) fined Sand Hill Exchange $20,000 for illegally offering security-based swaps. According to the SEC, Sand Hill was: “offering and selling security-based swaps contracts to retail investors...

Jurisdiction and digital currency businesses

For the most part, digital currencies are by their very nature decentralised; meaning that they are not tied to a specific country unlike the British Pound or the US Dollar. However, this does not...

Update on Russia – new law on Bitcoin forthcoming

  In January 2015, Russia’s Federal Supervision Agency for Information Technologies and Communications (Roskomnadzor) blocked 7 websites on the basis that it they contained Bitcoin information. At the time, Roskomnadzor used its powers under the 2012...

NY Bitlicense definitive framework [pt.4]

  AML/KYC Requirements Licensees must implement an anti-money laundering program. The AML program is to be based upon an initial risk assessment performed by the Licensee. Risk assessments must be performed on an annual basis, or...

Legal precedent of P2P Bitcoin loans set in Kentucky, USA

  A legal precedent was set on the 5th June when a circuit judge in Kentucky ruled that P2P loans taken out in Bitcoin have a legal basis to be repaid. The case arose when...

“The Times They Are A Changin’” – tax enforcement against cryptoexchanges is the new...

The United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has requested details on Coinbase’s users to identify any tax violations. This action seems to have arisen as a result of US Treasury reprimanding the IRS for not...